difference between anxiety and depression

What is the difference between anxiety and depression?

Difference between anxiety and depression?

If you are exploring ways to deal with anxiety and depression, there is a slight possibility that you or someone you know is going through a rough time. It is essential that you know that you can overcome it, albeit with time. Anxiety and depression are very complicated to understand, both medically and personally. If you think you have anxiety or depression, here are a few ways you can identify and deal with anxiety and depression.

What is Anxiety?

Anxiety is, in general, a normal emotional response to stressful situations. Minor anxiety can occur when facing an important interview, test, or decision. Occasional anxiety that doesn’t have severe symptoms is okay. When anxiety symptoms get worse and make it difficult for you to go through daily tasks, you may need some extra help to overcome it. There are anxiety disorders that require specific treatment like

  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder where you may feel excessive and unrealistic worry or tension with limited reason
  • Panic Disorder where you may feel an intense and sudden fear that brings on a panic attack
  • Social Anxiety Disorder is when you may feel self-conscious and overly worried about social situations or obsessively worrying about judgment.
  • Specific phobias where you may feel fear from a particular object or situation like heights or insects
  • Agoraphobia is known to be an intense fear of being unable to escape or not seeing an escape route in case you’d want to leave a place.
  • Separation Anxiety, where you may feel anxious when a loved one goes out of sight and is most common in little kids

What is Depression?

Depression is a common mental disorder that, in most cases, can be treated with little willpower, effort, and motivation. Depression is often understood as a mood disorder that causes a lasting or persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. One of the significant effects of depression is hopelessness, which doesn’t seem to go away. Based on the symptoms, it can be classified into mild, moderate, and severe depression.

  • Mild Depression- Mild depression may be mistaken for just feeling sad. However, it is noticeable enough to interfere with usual activities when seen carefully. It has feelings of irritability, guilt, self-loathing, or loss of interest.
  • Moderate Depression- Moderate and Mild depression share similar symptoms but have an increased intensity. You may feel feelings of worthlessness, excessive worrying, or reduced productivity.
  • Severe Depression- Episodes of severe depression are noticeable to people around you. They are in a higher intensity than moderate depression. You may have hallucinations, delusions, and suicidal thoughts, among other symptoms.

Anxiety and depression are unavoidable cycles. Depression instigates anxiety, and anxiety provokes depression. If it is realized early, it can be treated in a short period. The common symptoms of anxiety and depression that you should look out for are-

1- Fear or uneasiness

2- Sleep problems

3- Dizziness

4- Hopelessness or loss of interest in things you used to enjoy

5- Rumination or overthinking about a problem.

6- Inability to concentrate

7- Avoiding feared objects or situations

How can you deal with anxiety and depression?

There are many ways to deal with anxiety and depression. The primary key is to have patience while the treatment is going on. Any treatment starts with acceptance. You may think that your anxiety is just you worrying too much, or your depression is just you feeling sad and that you shouldn’t pay much attention to it. It would be best if you caught on to the symptoms and asked a professional to diagnose you.

  • Maintaining a proper sleep cycle – Although it seems easy, many people struggle with getting 8 hours of sleep. You should keep a sleep schedule where you go to bed and wake up at the same time each day. Maintaining good sleep hygiene like keeping your bed clean, washing up before bed, or avoiding screen time right before bed is also recommended.
  • Eating Habits- Your diet may be an accomplice in feeling low or anxious. Products like caffeine are known to cause or worsen anxiety. You should have a healthy diet and avoid products that may aggravate or trigger anxiety or worsen depression.
  • Instilling Positivity- One of the common symptoms of depression and anxiety is hopelessness and self-doubt, which increases negativity. The most common way is to journal and reflect on it so you can tie your emotions to your body’s reaction to it.
  • Physical health- It is not a mystery that exercising releases dopamine levels, known as the “feel good” hormone. It also helps to step out and do little exercises like walking, jogging, yoga, Zumba, etc.
  • Therapy- People find talking can be a perfect way to deal with anxiety and depression. What better person than a psychotherapist who specializes in treating mental illnesses? A therapist will guide you to understand your emotions and help you figure out your triggers.
  • Medications  Even though this might seem tiresome or the most straightforward thing to do. It is advised that if you take prescriptions, you should do so along with and not despite the ways mentioned above. Medications help with calming your body and regulating chemicals in your body that may be causing anxiety and depression.

Also Read: How To Stay Happy All The Time

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